Segovia is a city in Spain and the capital of the province of Segovia in region of Castilla Leon. It is situated north of Madrid.
The climate is mainly continental Mediterranean, cold and dry, resulting from the high altitude and the distance from the coast. The average annual temperature is 12º, with a minimum in December of -14º and a maximum in July of 34º.
The old city is spectacularly situated at the top a long narrow promontory. It contains many monuments, including the cathedral, the famous ancient Roman aqueduct for which Segovia is probably best known, the Alcazar, and various churches built in the Romanesque style including San Esteban, San Martin, and San Millan.
The Aqueduct of Segovia, which is the most recognized and famous symbol of Segovia, ends at the entrance of the historic section. It was built at the end of 1st to early 2nd century AD by the Romans during their occupation of the Iberian Peninsula, and it brought water from the Rio Frio (Cold River) about 18km away.
The Alcazar (castle-palace) is perched at the tip of the promontory and towers over the countryside below. Like many fortifications in Spain, it started life as an Arab fortress. During the Middle Ages, the Alcazar of Segovia was the favourite residence of kings of Castile (Castilla), and almost each king added new parts to the building, transforming the original fortress into a courtier residence and prolonging the construction of the castle till 16th century, when King Philip II added the conical spires and the slate roofs. A fire in 1862 destroyed part of the roofs, but they were restored in the very same style they were built more than 300 years ago.
The Cathedral of Segovia stands in the city's central plaza and is widely considered to be Europe's last Gothic cathedral.
Apart from Segovia and it's Spain and Castile at its best - the city has many twisting alleyways, the highest concentration of Romanesque churches in all of Europe, pedestrian streets, the aroma of roast suckling pig around every corner - all surrounded by the city's medieval wall which itself is bordered by two rivers and an extensive green-belt park with miles of shaded walks. Well worth a visit.